The University of Malaya (or UM) is a public research university located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is the oldest and top university in Malaysia. The university's name was abbreviated as Malaya during the pre-independence period.The university was founded in 1949 as a public-funded tertiary institution. Today, it has more than 2,500 faculty members. In 2012, UM was granted autonomy status by the Ministry of Higher Education.In 2011, UM was ranked 401-500 in the Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and the THES – QS World University Rankings has ranked UM in the top 200 universities of the world.